I’m an aeroplane philosopher. An aeroplane flies by having a balance between the left wing and the right wing. I “fly” by having a balance of right-wing beliefs and left-wing beliefs. I recognize that both sides have good logic and bad logic. Both sides have good ideas and bad ideas. To take only one side and completely write-off the other side is narrow-minded and stupid. People who do that are selling themselves short. Only with two wings, does an aeroplane fly. Aeroplanes also have the greatest capacity to carry loads of people and minds and cultures from one place to another. #aeroplanephilosophy
This article is a work in progress:
21:91, 107; 29:15;30:30; 2:213; 4:174;
Moses was raised by the Egyptian rulers. His people were likely the Shasu people from the Transjordan region, or from Edom and Midian in Northern Arabia. They were most likely nomads living under Egyptian rulership. During the time of Ahmenhotep III, an Egyptian engraving was made describing a place called “Land of the Shasu-Yahweh.” Shasu-Yahweh was one of the nomadic Transjordanian/Northern Arabian tribes that was known for worshipping Yahweh. This was, according to the Old Testament, the ancestral religion of Moses – as Yahweh tells Moses in Exodus 3:6 “I am the god of your father” – which would suggest that the Shasu-Yahweh were his people. But as he was raised by Egyptians, he would have been raised worshipping the Egyptian gods and goddesses, and would have likely been ignorant of the Hebrew religions. Therefore, it would have been while he was fleeing from Pharaoh’s death penalty for having killed an Egyptian, when Moses had fled to Midian, that he would have met with Shasu-Yahweh people and learned of their religion. There he met his wife Zipporah, and was gone long enough to have had children with her. It was also there, at Mount Horeb in the Valley of Ttuwa, that he encounters Yahweh manifested as a burning bush or tree.
“Wayomer ‘anoki elohe abika elohe Abraham elohe Yis-hhaq walohe Ya’aqub,’
Wayaster Moseh panyav ki yara mehabbit al ha-elohim.”
“He said ‘I am the god of your father, god of Abraham, god of Isaac and god of Jacob.’
And hid Moses his face for he was afraid to look at the gods.”
ויאמר אנכי אלהי אביך אלהי אברהם אלהי יצחק ואלהי יעקב ויסתר משה פניו כי ירא מהביט אל־האלהים׃
Notice that I translate “elohim” as “gods” instead of “GOD.” I do this for several reasons:
For perspective. If you wish to study the theory that The Torah and/or other books of The Old Testament were originally pagan or polytheist, or monolatrist, you can’t do so if you still stick to the human assumption that The Old Testament uses “Elohim” as a non-literal plural – a so-called “divine plural.” This “Divine Plural” theory is an explanation invented by people who lived after the days of Moses, and after the days when The Old Testament was written (references needed). If you assume that “elohim” is a non-literal plural, then you are somewhat closing your mind to the possibility that The Old Testament is talking about a pantheon of deities.
The “Divine Plural” theory is not supported by The Old Testament.
The cultural and linguistic history of the word “elohim” supports the theory that it is a literal plural, or at least that it was originally intended to be. At the time the Torah was written, at least, the Judeans were not true monotheists. This is attested to historically (references needed); the Judeans and Israelites were not true monotheists until after the Babylonian Exile. Therefore, any monotheist sentiments in The Old Testament, were not present until then, and it is proven that while new books were added to The Old Testament at or around those times, the older books were also edited (references needed). The history gives us a motive for people to have adapted the meaning of “elohim” from being a literal plural, to being a “Divine Plural;” they did not feel comfortable with having to face the fact (theoretically) that their scripture was polytheist or monolatrist, because they had changed their beliefs. Instead of changing their beliefs to match what their script).
Moses may not have been a monotheist. He was a Yahwist, but according to The Torah, his reason to worship Yahweh was that Yahweh is the god of his ancestors. In other words, Moses, after having been raised away from his own family and his own culture, and without any knowledge of or connection to his ancestors, was reconnecting with his people and his ancestors spiritually. There are monotheist verses in The Torah, but I believe there is strong evidence that they were edited in by later sources.
Exodus 20:1-3 says, “Waydabber Elohim et kal haddebarim ha-elleh lemor sa
‘Anoki Yahweh eloheka asher howshetika me-arash Mishrayim mibbet ‘abadim
la yihyeh leka Elohim aherim al panaya” which means, “And spoke the gods all these words saying, ‘I am Yahweh your god who has brought you out of the land of Egypt out of the house of slavery. You shall not have to you other gods before the face.” Below is the Hebrew text:
וידבר אלהים את כל־הדברים האלה לאמר׃ ס
אנכי יהוה אלהיך אשר הוצאתיך מארץ מצרים מבית עבדים׃
לא יהיה־לך אלהים אחרים על־פני ׃
The following verses quote Yahweh as saying not to make any images or likenesses of anything in the heavens of the earth, or below the earth, and not to bow down to or serve them because “Yahweh eloheka el qanna,” that is, “Yahweh your god is a jealous god.” It doesn’t say, “Don’t worship other gods because they don’t exist;” it says “Don’t worship other gods because Yahweh is jealous.” Then it actually tells us in Exodus 20:5 that Yahweh will actually put the sins of the father to the third and fourth generations of those who hate him. That means Yahweh is here threatening Moses and his people, that if they worship other gods, Yahweh will punish their children and grandchildren and great grandchildren, and maybe even their great great grandchildren! That is, if you hate Yahweh – YOU, not necessarily your children or your descendants who might love god – Yahweh will punish your children for your sin. But in Exodus 20:6 it goes on to say that Yahweh rewards those who love him. This is a contradiction. The whole point in telling someone that their children will be punished for their sins, is to powerfully scare them away from sinning or worshipping gods besides Yahweh. But if the would-be sinner knows that if his third and fourth generations of descendants will actually be rewarded for loving Yahweh – if they so choose to – then the fear of their suffering for his sins is nullified. In either case, it does not originally say that other gods don’t exist. Yahweh is admitting that his chosen people should worship only him because he’d be jealous if they worshipped any other deity, and would punish their descendants for it. This is blatant monolatry, NOT monotheism. Monotheism literally means, “one god.” It is the belief that only one deity exists, plain and simple. Monolatry is the belief in multiple gods, but the consistent worship of only one specific deity. Here, Yahweh is being very honest in several ways; 1. Yahweh has acknowledged the existence of other gods; 2. Yahweh admits that He is jealous of other gods being worshipped; and 3. Yahweh admits to his own vengeful nature. The religion Yahweh revealed to Moses was not a monotheist religion. It is flat-out monolatrist. So this leaves the question, “Should anyone worship Yahweh?” To answer this, we have to know who Yahweh is.
𐤏𐤋 𐤃𐤅 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄 𐤑𐤁𐤀𐤅𐤕 in Phoenician says “El du yahwi shaba’ot,” “El Who creates the host.” The word “yahwi,” meaning “create” or “cause to be/exist,” is theoretically the origin of the theonym “Yahweh,” which is believed to mean “I am.” I suggest that “Yahweh” is more accurately translated as “Creator,” or as a shortening of the Phoenician phrase “El du yahwi shaba’ot.” In the ancient Israelite pantheon, originally El was the chief god, and the national god of Israel. He lived on a mountain in a tent with his consort Asherah or Athirat. Rivers flowed from his mountain camp that watered the gardens and the land. El and Asherah had seventy sons, including Yahweh. El had divided the lands amongst his seventy sons, giving them each a dominion. Israel was given to Yahweh. El, Asherah and their seventy sons constituted the heavenly host, the “Elohim.” “Elohim” is the Hebrew plural form of the name “El.” “El” means “God,” and “elohim” means “gods” or “those of the god.” The Old Testament, as it seems to me, was not originally a monotheist scripture.
מזמור לאסף אלהים נצב בעדת־אל בקרב אלהים ישפט׃
That’s the Hebrew text of Psalm 82:1. It says “Mizmor l’Asaf Elohim nissab bi’adat El biqarab Elohim yishpot” which means “A psalm of Asaf the gods/those of GOD stand in the congregation El, in the midst of the gods/those of god He judges.” This Psalm is saying that the deities all stand in the congregation of the chief god El, who presides over the council as judge. In the Israelite pantheon, El and his consort and his seventy sons served as a council that ruled over the world, and El was the chief and judge presiding over them. Psalm 82:1 confirms that neither El nor Yahweh are the only god or gods that exist.
זכר ימות עולם בינו שנות דור־ודור שאל אביך ויגדך זקניך ויאמרו לך׃
בהנחל עליון גוים בהפרידו בני אדם יצב גבלת עמים למספר בני ישראל׃
כי חלק יהוה עמו יעקב חבל נחלתו׃
“Zakor yemowt ‘awlam binu shanowt dowr wa dowr she’al abika wiyagedeka zaqanaka weyomeru lak. Bihanhel ‘alyown govyim behapridow bani Adam yasheb gebulot ‘amim lamispar bani Yisrail. Ki halak Yahveh amov Ya’aqub hebel nahalatov.”
That means “Remember the days of old, consider the years from generation to generation, ask your father and he will show you, and your elders they will tell it to you (about): When The Most High divided to the nations when he separated the sons of the man he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the sons of Israel. For Yahveh is a portion his people, Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.” I translated “bani adam” as “sons of the man,” since the literal meaning of “Adam” is “man.” These verses are referring to the ancient myth about how the chief god El had divided his domain amongst his seventy sons, giving different lands to each one. In pre-exilic Israel, each tribe or nation had a national god, and the Israelites were not monotheist. Israel was originally devoted, as the name suggests, to El. But eventually Yahweh was promoted to take the place of El as the chief god, and the name “El” was demoted to a generic word for “god.” When this happened, the people began to attribute the qualities of various deities to Yahweh, and monotheistic Yahwism developed.
Pre-exilic Israel was polytheist.
“[a]n early aniconism, de facto or otherwise, is purely a projection of the post-exilic imagination” (MacDonald, 2007).
Later writers after the time of Moses, who wrote later books of The Old Testament, experienced the gradual evolution of the Israelites from polytheism to monotheism. They would not have necessarily understood that Moses was a monolatrist, not a monotheist, and thus, they would have interpreted him and his teachings as being monotheist. The Old Testament is therefore more accurate as a reflection of the political and cultural experiences and changes of the Israelites, than as a source of GOD’s teachings and laws. With this being said, we need to examine how political and cultural changes influenced The Old Testament.
The Pagan Menorah:
In The Old Testament, Yahweh in Exodus 25:31-40, tells Moses to construct the ritual candleholder known as the menorah. The menorah is to be made of pure gold. In fact, let me list its details:
It should be made of pure gold. This symbolizes the Sun.
It shall have seven candle bowls; the central stem or trunk, with six branches, three extending from each side, totalling seven. Seven symbolizes the Sun, it’s rays, the seven royal stars (the seven stars directly on the zodiac path of the Sun), and the 70 sons of Enki (which is 7×10).
The menorah is golden and shining like fire, holds burning candles, and looks like a flowering tree; it therefore symbolizes the burning bush.
On each branch are three bowls shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms.
On the lampstand are four cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms, (or on the trunk).
The six branches are in three pairs of two, and each pair has one of the trunk cups (described in 5) beneath it. So the fourth trunk cup with buds and blossoms is not underneath a pair of branches.
The buds and branches are made of one piece.
The seven lamps (the bowls holding the candles) are set up so they light the space in front of the menorah.
Its wick trimmers and trays are of pure gold.
A talent of pure gold should be used for all these things.
Yahweh or El?
El du yahwi sabaot. El, creator of the host. I think originally, Yahweh was a name of El. In the Ugaritic Ba’al Cycle, El lived in a tent or tabernacle on a mountain. This is why the ancient Ugarites didn’t build temples to El. I suspect that they set up a tabernacle for him, probably on or at his sacred mountain. This makes practical sense, because even for non-nomadic people, it would be easier to build a simple tent for worship on a mountain.
“Shaddai” or “Most High” was a common epithet for a mountain god in ancient Mesopotamian paganism.
Exodus 15:13, “Yahweh ‘is milkhamah Yahweh shamov,” “The Creator is a man of war, Creator is his name.”
Exodus 15:11, “Mi khamokhahi ba’elim Yahweh, mi khamokhahi ne’dar baqqodesh novra tehilot ‘oshehi pele?”; “Who is like you among the gods, Yahweh? Who is like you, majestic in holiness, fearful in praises doing wonders?”
Exodus 15:13 might be metaphorical, but 15:11 is not. It’s straightforward. It also contradicts any monotheist verses in The Bible.
MALE GOD, FEMALE GOD, GENDERLESS GOD
Life wants to exist. Life does not exist to do things; life does things to exist. Life forms do not live to eat or enjoy things; life forms eat, drink and breathe, in order to live.
Life exists anywhere and everywhere it can, regardless of how hard it may be or how void of enjoyment it may be. There are tiny life forms, for example, called “extremophiles,” because they live in extremely harsh environments. Some live in the burning hot regions of the bottom of the ocean. These are merely microbial organisms. They don’t enjoy a conscious experience of life. They literally just eat, reproduce, and live. They don’t even have the nerves or biological mechanisms that could grant them any sensory enjoyment of anything, including reproduction.
Humans assume that nature caused us to evolve sensory enjoyment of sex, eating, drinking, breathing, and sleeping, and other things, in order to encourage us to live and to create more life. I think this assumption is correct. However, it doesn’t seem to apply universally to all life forms. If it did, then why didn’t nature design extremophiles to have nerves for enjoyment of life? The answer, at least as it seems to me, is that the extremophiles don’t need to be encouraged to do the things that give them life or cause them to reproduce; for them, it happens automatically. They don’t need to enjoy eating, for example, because they can’t help eating. Humans are conscious, and we have to consciously act. We can’t act without our brains having sensory awareness of the world outside of our bodies. Nature therefore uses enjoyable sensory experiences to tell our brains that we’re doing something “good,” or something that encourages the continuation of life.
Of course, sometimes things that are harmful give us seemingly good sensory experiences. But to get around that issue, nature designed life to either be perfectly capable of recycling itself, transferring from one dead vessel into another to continue, or to adapt to the harmful thing. For example, humans evolved a high capability to think and learn. We also have been programmed to have emotional bonds with other life forms, so that we don’t enjoy the suffering or deaths of other life forms and are therefore more inspired to learn from the things that caused their suffering or deaths. This way, we learn from both our own suffering and that of others, how to better preserve our own lives. Life wants to live, plain and simple.
Life arose as a natural result of the fact that the universe is designed to be as energy efficient as possible. Anything that happens in nature, due to the Laws of Physics, happens because it can, and because it is the most that can happen with the least energy spent. If it can happen in this way, it will. It’s that simple. Anything that is possible within these natural laws, is also inevitable, because nature will do the absolute most it can with the least expense of energy in any and every situation. This is why life exists.
Energy, in my belief, is GOD. All things are energy. All things are GOD. Energy is infinitely intelligent and supreme. Energy created life as yet another expression of Itself.
Stop saying “white people,” “black people,” “yellow people,” or “red people.” Race is not synonymous with skin color. To judge anyone negatively by their race OR skin color is illogical, period. But here specifically, I want to focus on the stupidity of confusing skin-color with race.
No skin-color demographic has ever been united as a single race, nation, culture or civilization. There is no black race, white race, yellow race, or red race, and never has been. Look at Africa; do you see one race? No. You see many ancient and culturally distinct tribes. If these tribes viewed each other as being members of one ethnic or other-type group, would they be killing each other? They are not “black people,” they are African peoples. The same goes for all other peoples.
There are no “white people.” There are European people, and Mediterranean people. If all European native populations were white, then where do some of the Siberian tribes come from? What about the Spaniards? When people talk about “white people,” they are not talking about them in regards to their European roots; they are talking about their skin color. That is prejudiced.
In India, Indians of naturally lighter skin tones such as ones from Northern India, have commonly expressed a hatred for darker-skinned Indians. Indians do not view each other as being one united demographic. They are a melting pot of many different clans and tribes, which have distinct cultures. To outsiders of other skin-colors, it seems odd that one brown person from one part of a country will violently hate another slightly darker brown person from the same country, due to being more brown than them. The truth is, they aren’t “brown people”; they are Indian peoples. PEOPLES, plural.
As an added note, white supremacy is stupid in general, but it is especially stupid when white supremacists use Nazi ideology as a basis for their beliefs. These people are forgetting multiple things:
1. The Nazis were Aryan supremacists, not white supremacists. If they believed it was their skin color that qualified them as superior, they would not have gone to war against white people with the intent to subjugate them.
2. The Axis Powers were three nations; Germany, Italy, and Japan! The Japanese are not white. If the Nazis were specifically white supremacists, they would not have allied themselves with the Japanese.
Just a test update here.
In the name of The God, The Most Gracious The Most Merciful.
NOTE: THIS ARTICLE IS NOT FINISHED. I AM STILL RESEARCHING, CHECKING AND DOUBLE CHECKING ALL OF MY INFORMATION. I AM STILL STUDYING AS CAREFULLY AND THOROUGHLY AS I CAN, WITH THE HOPES THAT I MAY, INSHALLAH, SUFFICIENTLY ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS I AM ADDRESSING IN THIS POST.
In this post, I’m going to go over whether or not God’s Scriptures teach that Heaven or Hell is terminal or eternal. The majority of people following Abrahamic religions, be they Christian, Catholic, Muslim, or other, believe that Hell is eternal. It seems to me that in order to answer the question of whether or not Hell is eternal or terminal, we must also ask what Hell is.
Hell as a Being:
In many ancient cultures, long before the time of AlQur’an, Hell was both a place, and a being of the same name who governed the place. For example, the Greeks called the place Hell “Hades,” but at the same time, Hades was the god of Hades. In the Old Testament, one of the names for Hell is “Sheol,” and while Sheol in general is described as an underworld, it is also described as having anatomy – a mouth, a throat, legs, et cetera – as if it is also an entity (Job 26:6; Canticles 8:6; Jonah 2:3; Psalms 49:15; 89:48; Hosea 13:14; Isaiah 5:14; Psalms 141:7; Isaiah 5:14). And in AlQur’an it says that when GOD asks Hell “Have you had enough?” Hell will answer, “Give me more!” (Alqur’an, 50:30).
Akkadian plates mention the name shuwalu or suwala in reference to a deity responsible for ruling the abode of the dead.
Names of Hell:
In The Old Testament
- Sheol (“Graves”) ( Genesis 42:38, Isaiah 14:11, Psalm 141:7, Daniel 12:2, Proverbs 7:27 and Job 10:21,22, and 17:16)
- Tehom (“Abyss”) (qn)
- Be’er Shachath (“Pit of Corruption”) (qn)
- Bor Shaon (“Cistern of Sound”) (qn)
- Tit Ha-Yaven (“Clinging Mud”) (qn)
- Dumah (“Silence”) (qn)
- Sha’arei Maveth (“Gates of Death”) (qn)
- Tsalmaveth (“Shadow of Death”) (qn)
- Gehenna/Gehinnom (“Valley of Hinnom,” “Purgatory”) (qn)
- Abaddon (“Ruin”) (Psalm 88:11, Job 28:22 and Proverbs 15:11)
- Bor (“Pit”), ( Isaiah 14:15, 24:22, Ezekiel 26:20)
- Shakhat (“corruption”), (Isaiah 38:17, Ezekiel 28:8)
Sheol is either portrayed by means of human qualities (ערום, Job 26:6;קשה , Canticles 8:6 נפשה desire isaiah 5:14) or attributed with the elements of human anatomy: womb (בטן, Jonah 2:3), hand (יד, Psalms 49:15; 89:48; Hosea 13:14) and mouth (פה, Psalms 141:7; Isaiah 5:14
In The New Testament
- Hades (Mat 11:23; 16:18; Luke 10:15 and 23; Acts, 2:27, 31; 1 Corinthians 15:55 though an alternate version has “thanatos;” Revelations 1:18; 6:8; 20:13-14)
- Tartaros (2 Peter 2:4)
- Gehenna (Matthew 5:22, 29, 30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Mark 9:43, 45, 47; Luke 12:5; James 3:6 )
Please understand, that Hades is supposedly used in The New Testament as a Greek word for the Hebrew “Sheol.”
Read more at: http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/hades.html
In The Recitation (AlQur’an)
- Jahannam (Compare to the Hebrew “Gehinnom,” “Valley of Hinnom”) 78:21;
- Latha 70:15-16;
- AlHutamah 104:4-7;
- Sa’eer 42:7;
- Saqar 74:26-29;
- AlJaheem 26:91;
- AlHawiyah 101:8-11;
We’ll start with a few points:
- In most ancient cultures, the oldest ideas of Hell are morally neutral underworlds. Even in the Torah, Sheol is morally neutral; people don’t go there because of their sins, it is simply the underworld into which all the dead souls go.
- The Recitation calls Hell “Gehenna,” just as the Old Testament did. The Hebrew-Arabic word “Gehenna” means “Valley of Hinnom,” and was the valley surrounding ancient Jerusalem where the Baal worshipers used to sacrifice their children (Jeremiah 19:2-6). They used to perform human sacrifice by burning people there, as well as in other ways. This may explain why AlQur’an also refers to Hell as “An-Nar,” “The Fire,” and why it describes Hell as a fiery place of burning. In one verse it even mentions the souls of the disbelievers being herded to sacrificial altars in Hell (AlQur’an 70:43 – note that the Arabic word used tends to refer more to stone altars).
- The Recitation says it confirms the previous Scriptures (5:48). Some may argue that the reason why it may present a concept of Hell that is different and conflicting with the concept of Hell presented in the Torah, is because GOD changed those teachings. But I don’t see any reasons to assume that. The Qur’an says it confirms The Torah, and at the same time, they both mention “Gehenna,” so it seems most logical to conclude that The Qur’an is confirming The Torah’s concept of Gehenna.
Moloch mentioned in The Recitation:
“Indeed, the criminals will be in the punishment of Gehenna, abiding forever. Not will it subside for them, and they in it will despair. And they will call, “Oh Malik, let put an end to this your Lord.” He will say, “Indeed, you will remain” – The Recitation, 43:74-77
The triliteral root of “Malik” in Arabic consists of the Arabic letters meem, lam, kaf, equating to M-L-K. “Moloch” in fact comes from the exact same triliteral root in ancient Hebrew. Now, according to 2 Kings 23:10 and Jeremiah 32:35 of The Bible, the people of Judah used to sacrifice their children to Malik, (or “Moloch”), by burning them at the site of Topheth in Gehenna.
Gehenna is “Jahannam” in the Arabic of The Recitation, and is “Gehinnom” in the Hebrew of the Bible. It means “Valley of Hinnom,” and is also referred to in The Bible as “Valley of the Sons of Hinnom.” So here in The Recitation, we have both the Valley of Hinnom in Ancient Israel, which was a literal place of burning, and then we have the name of the Mesopotamian deity Malik/Moloch, both described directly. It is saying in The Recitation directly, that the criminals will burn in the Valley of Hinnom, and that they will call out to Malik, but that Malik will not help them.
Compare this to the fact that The Recitation says the disbelievers will eternally abide in Hell “for as long as the heavens and the Earth endure” (see below). This makes sense, if Hell is actually a physical place on Earth, rather than some other universe or dimension; it could not outlast the Earth, if it is in fact ON the Earth. By the way, please note: in Arabic the words for “sky” and “land” are also the words for “heaven” and “Earth.”
“As for those who were wretched, then in The Fire. For them therein is sighing and wailing. Abiding therein as long as remain the skies and the land, except what your Lord wills. Indeed, your Lord is All-Accomplisher of what He intends” – The Recitation, 11:107.
Malik/Moloch was an ancient Mesopotamian deity. And his idol was built in Topheth, and was the vessel in which the disbelievers would burn their children as offerings to Malik. According to the Yalkut Shimoni, an aggadic compilation on the Old Testament books that was compiled sometime in the 11th. or 12th. century, the idol contained seven chambers, each for a different type of offering ( attributed by Moses Margoliouth, A pilgrimage to the land of my fathers 1850:125). If that is true, then it is possible that The Recitation might be referring to the Topheth Malik idol in 15:42-45 when it says:
“Indeed, my slaves not have you over them any authority except those who follow you, of the ones who go astray. And indeed Gehenna is the promised place for them all. For it, seven gates, for each gate is among them a portion assigned.”
Kings historically sacrificed their children inside the idol of Moloch on Topheth, in Gehenna. Therefore I think it is interesting that Moloch, or Malik, literally means “King.”
The Qur’an mentions the Zaqqum tree. It describes it in 37:62-68 as a tree located at the bottom or root of AlJahhem, with spathes shaped like the heads of the “devils,” (the adversaries). It also describes that when the sinners in Jahannam consume these spathes from the Zaqqum tree, it will be like they have boiling water in their stomachs. It also says that they will return to AlJahheem after they eat the Zaqqum spathes. There is a type of tree called “Euphoribia” which matches this description. This is a type of Euphoribian spathe or cyathium:
It looks like a devil’s head to me. It looks like it has horns and a long snout. The fruits of these trees can also be thorny, depending on the variety. Variations of this tree have been known to grow in the area of ancient Jerusalem, as well as Africa, Arabia, India, and other areas. Thus, if they are “returning” to the fire after eating this plant, it could be because they have to travel to get this tree for food. It mentions in The Qur’an that in Jahannam, whenever their skins are burnt off, their skins are replaced and burnt off again. That could easily be an allegory for the fact that when the fruit of Euphoribus is harvested, because of it’s naturally occurring latex, and other properties of the plant, the plant can cause severe burns and boils on the skin. And as The Qur’an says that when they eat it, they experience the sensation of boiling water in their bellies, similarly, due to the toxins and carcinogens in this plant, if eaten, it will induce burning sensations in the body.
The Zaqqum Tree is clearly a real tree; it is the Euphoribus. This is further evidence that “Hell” is in fact a physical place on Earth; Jahannam is the Valley of Hinnom located in the middle east.
The word for “Eden” in The Qur’an is “Jannah,” which means “Gardens.” According to The Torah, the rivers Tigris, Gihon, Pishon and Euphrates all split from a river that flowed from Eden to water it’s gardens. These rivers, two of which are dried up, actually source from (flow down from) the Tarsus Mountains in Turkey. Thus, Eden is a physical place located in the Tarsus Mountains, and it’s gardens sprawled out therefrom, throughout the ancient Fertile Crescent. Jannah was and is, a physical place. Note how The Qur’an says the righteous shall inherit the Earth, when they are resurrected. Jannah is on Earth.
I seek refuge from The GOD against the rejected adversary. In the name of The GOD The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful. My Lord, I seek refuge in You, from the whispers of the adversaries, and I seek refuge in You, my Lord, lest they come near me.
I am fed up with people trying to divide humanity into separate races. Humanity is one race; the human race. There is no verse in any scripture I have ever read, that even remotely supports or encourages divisive mentalities of that kind. The separateness and distinctness of different human groups, different demographics, is nothing more than an illusion; in reality, all the lines that divide all the human groups, either genetically, or culturally, are blurred. They are not fine lines.
People only seem to be different, because the differences are so much more noticeable than the similarities. But in reality, all the differences between all people genetically and culturally, are outnumbered by similarities. These differences in culture and genetics are only there due to the fact that over time, humans naturally break apart into different groups, naturally, and over time these groups become isolated or distant from each other. All divisive mentalities come as a result of the illusory, perceived separateness between groups, which is caused by isolation and distance. All humans are of one human race.
If we wish to achieve world peace, we must abolish divisive mentalities. We must stop dividing the singular human race, into various races, tribes, clans, nations, ethnicities, nationalities, et cetera.
I am a son of Adam, and I am a member of Adam’s tribe, which is the entire human race. My culture is the human culture, and my native land is the planet Earth. I am a human, and so are you! We must go out and preach to all the people, that under the eyes of The Creator, GOD, ALLAH, YAHWEH, or whatever name you call Him by, ALL HUMANS ARE MEMBERS OF ONE RACE; THE HUMAN RACE. ALL HUMANS ARE MEMBERS OF ONE TRIBE; THE HUMAN TRIBE!
THE UNITY OF HUMANITY IS THE CURE FOR THE DISEASE OF RACISM, HATRED AND WAR! IT IS THE ANSWER TO THE CALLS OF THOSE WHO WAIL AND CRY OUT IN AGONIZING SUFFERING! FOR ETHICAL PRINCIPLES, IT IS LIKE THE MANA FROM HEAVEN.
E PLURIBUS UNUM; “FROM MANY, ONE.”
Look at it this way; you are your mind, not your body. Your body has DNA, but not your mind. You are therefore not definable by your DNA; you are definable by the nature of your mind. You are not a member of any ethnicity; you inhabit a body that is a member of an ethnicity, or mix of ethnicities. In light of this, you must realize that you have no real reason to distinguish yourself from other humans as being a member of some specific ethnicity or nationality.
I seek refuge in The GOD against the devil, the rejected
In the name of The GOD, The Most Gracious The Most Merciful
My Lord I seek refuge in You against the whispers of the devils, and I seek refuge in You, my Lord, lest they come near me.
My Lord, grant me the mercy you have for all things,
So I can forgive myself for my own wrong-doings
And thus enable myself and my heart to pulsate,
With the flow of life-giving mercy, and radiate
Your healing mercy to all those in suffering,
And make me an exemplar of Your powers of healing.
I seek refuge from The GOD against the devil rejected. In the name of The GOD The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful. My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the whispers of the devils, and I seek refuge in You, my Lord, lest the come near me.
I’ve been trying for quite some time to really figure out whether or not Hell is eternal. I think, in order to do this, I need to study the history of the very concept of an afterlife. I know that AlQur’an confirms the previous Scriptures, which came before it. Therefore it seems reasonable to assume that AlQur’an would be confirming a concept of the afterlife, that was described in at least one of the previous Scriptures.
An interview with writer Vanessa Mártir on being unmothered, her brother’s death, and her connection to the wolf.